How to use this list of guidelines based on
Write for each
activity your detailed plans: ?Who will do the work, What
will they do? Where? When?
To monitor progress,
mark those activities that are being practiced to
Options for using this list of guidelines
Use these guidelines
to develop your own outline for a planning workshop or
series of training sessions.
pastoral training programs. Trainees will learn skills to help churches
multiply and to see a larger number of new pastors.
If possible, arrange
chairs in a circle, to enhance communication and interaction.
Role-plays are a
powerful teaching aid, if done with care. They make easy the interaction
and total participation that the Holy Spirit uses to create the
family-like atmosphere of new, small churches or cells that Romans
If you are
inexperienced in leading role-plays they will probably move too slowly,
unless you carefully follow the simple Role-play Instructions
in Appendix A. Before training, read these instructions at the end of
The workshop leader
names different volunteers to play the parts of the model Bible persons.
The first one is Peter. "Mr. Tradition" argues
with the person playing that part. When the leader introduces a
guideline, Mr. Tradition states his unwise opinion. It may sound good at
first but is damaging and non-biblical. This stimulates discussion.
Ask the person doing
the part of the model Bible person to correct Mr. Tradition. If he
cannot, ask anyone to do so.
The leader thus
encourages people in the group to do much of the teaching. The leader
should not teach during these discussions except to summarize briefly
when the guideline in question is still unclear.
Avoid a few persons
dominating the discussion. Keep asking others to speak. For example:
"Let's hear from someone who has not spoken about this yet."
Volunteers who play
the model Bible persons do not prepare ahead of time, unless it says,
"Prior preparation needed."
might take turns playing Mr. Tradition. Ask them not to talk long. They
are to mention the tradition and nothing more—that is not what we want
The Leader can
assign any of his own role-plays to others.
All role-plays are
optional. Select any that you think might clarify the guideline.
Guidelines Based on Bible Models
A.Church Planters Form Churches That Obey Jesus
A1Peter, as Disciple-maker. In Jerusalem,
the Apostle Peter taught new believers to obey Jesus’ commands before all
Obey Jesus above
all. The 3,000 converts of the first church in Jerusalem started at
once to obey Jesus’ seven basic commands, in which all that he commanded
is summarized, Acts 2:37-47.
portrays Satan and sends demons named Greed, Control and Fear
to corrupt Mr. Tradition. See
the explanation in Appendix A, Instructions, item 1.]
commands. A group of people becomes a church when they start
to obey Jesus’ commands in their basic form, as illustrated in Acts
2:37-47. These commands are dealt with more fully under G5, Christ, our
Supreme Commander, below (items 78 to the end).
Command of Christ: Repent,
believe, be born again by the Holy Spirit,Mark 1:15; John ;
[Role-play.Leader: Ask a volunteer to be
and explain, in his own words, why Jesus commands us to repent and be born
again. For this role-play he need not be prepared ahead of time. Peter and Mr. Tradition stand, hold up their
signs and argue. Mr. Tradition says angrily, "Don’t offend people by
telling them to repent from sins; ask them only to make a 'decision'."
Let Peter argue with him. If he needs help, ask anyone to answer Mr.
Command of Christ: Baptize
the repentant. Receive them into your church and help them to live
the new, transformed life it initiates, Mat. 28:18-20
[Role-play.Mr. Traditionargues with Peter-that one must
walk on water first, and wait at least 2 years.]
Command of Christ: Love
God, each other and needy neighbor; forgive enemies, Matt. 22:36-40;
John 13:34-35, Luke 10:25-37; Matt. 5:43-48. Love is seen in the
fellowship in the first church, Acts 2: 41-47.
Command of Christ: Break
bread. Take Communion with heartfelt worship, Matt. 26:26-28; John
[Role-play:Mr. Tradition: Argue with Peter that only an ordained Ph.D. can
officiate the Lord's Supper.Leader:demonstrate how we put the
Bible over the book of traditions or under it, and ask which way Mr.
Tradition put it. For more information on this role-play see Appendix A, Instructions,
Command of Christ: Pray.
Have private and family devotions, intercede and do spiritual warfare,John 16:24; Eph. 6:10-18
Command of Christ: Give.
Be faithful stewards of our time, treasure and talents,Luke
6:38; Matt. 25:14-46
Command of Christ: Make
disciples. Witness for Jesus, shepherd, apply the Word, train
leaders, and send missionaries, Matt. 28:18-20
Obey all New
Testament commands. We also obey Jesus when we observe His apostles’
commands, which build on Christ’s commands, as seen above.
A2Nehemiah, the Organizer organized
God’s people to perform different jobs in harmony with one another.
balance edifying gift-based ministries, Luke 10:25-37; 1 Cor. 14:3,
name a volunteer to be Nehemiah. Mr.
Tradition: Argue with him that all
one needs to do is just teach the Word.]
Show genuine love
in practical ways, as in items 13 - 16.
Serve one another
and care for the needy, Rom. 12; 1 John 3:14-18
[Role-play. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Nehemiah:
No! Spend offerings on music instruments, decorations, new staff and
fellowship by planning events that allow for everyone to talk with
others, play games, eat together, or whatever helps them to know each
other, John 13:34; 1 Cor. 13; Heb. 10:23-25
Host cells or house
churches in a loving family environment, Philemon 1-2
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition argue with Nehemiah,
that trainees must sit as in a school; everyone faces the pulpit.]
Practice the New
Testament "one another" commands.
Ask the group to name a few ‘one another’ commands.]
A3Priscilla, the Bi-vocational
worker. Pricilla and Aquila hosted a House Church
Hosts and mentored the leader,
Apollos, behind the scenes in a quiet way, Acts 18:24-28.
[Role-play. Leader: Demonstrate balance between
classroom and mentoring, for training new leaders. For more information on
this role-play see Appendix A, Instructions, item A3.]
apprentice pastors as they report what their church or cell people
are doing. Help them to plan and assign them studies that fit their
current needs or opportunities. See Acts 18:24-28. Also, compare how
Paul trained Timothy and Titus.
[Role-play.Leader: Name a volunteer to be Priscilla (or Aquila if there
are no women). Mr. Tradition: Argue with Priscilla that a good teacher
will teach only if he has at least 20 students.]
skills; do fieldwork with trainees, Mk 3:14.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with
Priscilla that a good seminary offers only theory for three years, then
requires an internship. Leader:
If Priscilla cannot answer, have anyone help her.]
bi-vocationally when not receiving a salary or if so doing would
give a better example, Acts 18:1-4; 2 Thess. 3:7-12.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue
with Priscilla that if one does not serve as a pastor full-time, he is not
B.Pastoral Trainers Balance Classroom with Mentoring
B1Jehosaphat sponsored education
by extension,forming teams that traveled to take God’s Word to communities
that lacked it, 2 Chronicles 17:3-10.
leaders while they shepherd others, not in an institution
completely outside the churches.
[Role-play.Leader: Name a volunteer to be King Jehosaphat. Mr. Tradition:
Argue withJehosaphat that new
pastors must go to your seminary, even though it is far away.]
training in balance with mentoring, especially for new leaders.
Mentor in the way that Jesus and Paul did it, Matt. 10:1-4; 13:3-8.
[Role-play. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Jehosaphat
that we should train only single young men—they are moldable.]
B2Christ the Master Teacher used
a variety of resources to deal with his disciples’ learning needs, Mat. .
Mentor with a
menu, that is, a list of training options. Menu options are
ministries and doctrines that are essential for a church. This makes it
easier for less-experienced trainers to provide what is lacking in new
churches. See how Paul instructed Titus (1:5).
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed.Leader: Play the part of a waiter in restaurant.
See the explanation of this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions,
Avoid a rigid,
linear curriculum when training new leaders or churches. To deal
better with urgent needs, following Paul’s example when he wrote his letters
to new churches and leaders.
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: show how not to treat a problem-wait
months. See the explanation for this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions,
Train leaders the
way Jesus and the apostles did. They worked together with their
trainees as friends. They did not focus on isolated topics in an
abstract way, but dealt with issues as the occasions arose that required
it. They met needs in love. Notice how very practical Jesus' teaching
was in the Sermon on the Mount in Matt. 5 - 7.
existing training programs with mentoring in regions where churches
are not reproducing or there are not enough pastors to sustain church
reproduction, Matt. 9:37-38.
Teach to equip
all believers for the work of the ministry, Eph. 4:11-16.
C. ChurchesReproduce in the Normal Way
C1Barnabas, a Sending-Church Leader
helped his church to be a ‘sending church’ and sent workers to neglected
regions, Acts chapters 13-14; Matt. 10:1-4; 28:18-20.
name someone to be Barnabas. Mr. Tradition: Complain
to Barnabas that with one church we get a whole cake; many churches cut it in
small slices. Argue with Mr. Tradition.]
multiplication. Wherever the apostles made disciples as Jesus said
to do, churches multiplied.
A church commits
as a body to multiply itself in daughter churches, and not to remain
sterile, Acts 13:1-3; 2 Tim. 2:2
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Barnabas
that the impulse to multiply will weaken as it passes from one church to
another, and false doctrine will come in. See the explanation of this
role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item 28.]
teach the church’s ability to reproduce itself, Mat. 13:3-8; Mark
4:7, 28; Acts 12:24-25; Eph. 4:11-13; Col. 4:12-13
Pray and plan as
a church body to form temporary church planting teams, Acts 13:1-3;
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue
with Barnabas that we should
formonly permanent teams. The members
must get along with each other perfectly.]
‘sent ones’ (apostles, missionaries) who will carry your church’s
DNA to reproduce churches, Mat. 13:3-8; Eph. 4:11-12
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Barnabas that Apostles are the men of total authority
in a region. Leader: reply that the biblical apostles did not
stay in one region, but named leaders and moved on.]
Send workers to
saturate people groups and regions with reproductive churches, Col.
1:6; Acts 13:1-3; -23
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: scaffold. See the explanation for this
role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item 32.]
neglected people groups, as was Paul's passion, Rom. 1:5; -21. Compare Acts 1:8.
of men carrying a log: all but one are on one end.]
Start a church
planting movement of daughter and granddaughter churches,
Acts 10; chapters 13 - 14.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Barnabas that: we will lose control if churches
workers where they are, near their home, Col. 4:3-4; 1 Cor. 12:28.,
D.PastorsTrain Pastoral Apprentices
D1Jethro, a Delegator, advised
Moses to delegate pastoral responsibilities to new leaders and to hold them
accountable to shepherd small groups, Exodus 18:13-27.
delay leaders and trainers who meet biblical requisites, Acts 14:23.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to beJethro. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Jethro: The Bible is too
ancient. It no longer applies.]
Make sure that
all believers have a shepherd who listens to their needs, 1 Peter
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: Wolf Game. See the explanation of this
role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item 37.]
new leaders with discernment, judging fitness by what God requires,
not man.1 Sam. 16; Titus 1:5-9.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Jethro: A good Leader is the one who has been here the
longest, gives the most money, is elected to the highest position, is most
popular, knows the most Bible doctrine.]
D2Ezra, a Praying Reformer,led his people to confess their sins and to obey God’s commands, Ezra 9 –
Lead your people
to confess their sins, including their neglect of New Testament
guidelines. Then ask God to renew your church. He does not bring renewal
until His people, including their leaders, confess their sins.
Pray for the lost
to be saved, for workers to volunteer and for the new churches to be
planted, Gen. 18:20-33; Col. 4:2-4.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to beEzra. Mr. Tradition: Argue withEzra: There are enough pagans around here!.]
Caring Samaritan practiced practical love, Luke 10:25-37; Mat.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to bethe
Samaritan. Mr. Tradition: Argue with theSamaritan: Just save people’s
churches to serve the needy from their beginning, as Barnabas and
Dorcas did, Acts 4:36-37; -42
believers to give. Do not accustom new churches to absorbing others’
money, like parasites on Christ’s body. teach them to give as the
Macedonians did, even in their poverty, 2 Cor. 8 - 9.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with the Samaritan: Pastors ought to form a union in order to
demand more pay.]
new churches to recognize urgent needs and give accordingly, Luke
6:38; Acts 2: 46; 2 Cor. 9:6-7; Phil. 4:16-18.
D4Paul, a Pastoral Trainer,trained new pastors while they, in turn, trained newer ones, Acts
14:21-23; 2 Tim. 2:2; Titus 1:5.
Fulfill your duty
as a pastor by training newer pastors. Your responsibility to see
that newer pastors receive training cannot be delegated. The
actual training, however, might be assigned to others. You must see that
it is done. Obedient pastors obey God’s Word by providing training for
other shepherding elders, as Paul modeled, including for daughter
churches, 2 Tim. 2:2.
pastoral apprentices before mentoring them. Apply God’s Word at once
with authority to the immediate needs and ministry opportunities of the
trainee's flock, rather than merely voicing it as abstract theory for
some vague future application, James 1:22.
D5Abel, a sincere, humble
worshipper, trusted in God's forgiveness through the sacrifice of an innocent
victim, Genesis 4:3-12.
Respect the blood
sacrifice as a central element of worship, John 6:26-63.
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: Demonstrate Old Testament. worship. See
the explanation of this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item
Have your flock
regularly break bread and drink the cup of the New Covenant in
Jesus’ blood. Doing so, they will participate in the body and blood of
Christ, Luke 22:19-20; 1 Corinthians 10:16-17; l1: 20-34.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to bePaul. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Paul: We don’t really need to
do this if we teach correctly what it means.]
including children, to participate in praise and other worship
activities1 Cor (vital
for new, small churches). If possible, sit in a circle or around a
Help family heads
to lead family worship, as Job did, Job 1:4-5. Tell stories to your
children. Jesus often told stories.
be relevant and reverent. Learn to lead worship and help others to
do it in a way that fits small groups in non-formal settings, Matt.
18:19-20; Acts ; ; ;
; ; Col. 4:15.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Paul: Hire only professional singers and musicians, so
we can listen to them quietly.]
‘one-another’ commands of theNew Testament. Search these
commands and help your people to do them.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Paul: Pulpit lectures are all we need.]
pastors train newer apprentice pastors, who shepherd newer flocks or
cells, 2 Tim. 2:2.
E.Pastoral ApprenticesApply what they Learn at Once
and Train Newer Shepherds
E1Timothy, a Pastoral Apprentice, trained
new pastors while being trained, 2 Timothy 2:2.
Word." Practice at once with your flock what is learned, rather
than being ‘hearers only’ who learn for some vague future application,
Matt. 10; 2 Tim. 2:2.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to beTimothy. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Timothy: New trainees cannot
train other leaders until they have three years experience and a Master's
Pass on at once
what you learn to newer shepherding elders, so that churches
multiply, Titus 1:5.
F. Evangelists Bring Converts into Obedient
Churches God’s Way
F1Peter, an Evangelist, called
men to repent and took shared the message about Christ in the homes of men of
peace, Acts 2:28; 10
Work with heads
of households and their social networks, Luke 10.5-7.
evangelism by extraction, then by networking.]
homes or communities, Matt. 10:12-14.
[Role-play.Leader: name another volunteer to bePeter.
Mr. Tradition: Argue
with Peter: Just keep sowing the seed and be patient, all people who hear the
Word will change.]
Evangelize in the
biblical way—proclaim Jesus’ death and resurrection, call people to
repent and confirm their faith with baptism, in Acts 2:22-41.
the Gospel flow by using easy methods and available equipment, Luke
24:44-48; Acts 16:25-34; 1 Cor. 2:1-5.
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: demonstrate the heavy box. See the
explanation of this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item 58.]
enough to respect their culture. Peter did so when he ate at a
Gentile’s house, Acts 11:1-18; Paul did so when he circumcised Timothy,
Acts 16: 3, and whenever he became "all things to all men," 1
Discern between external
form and underlying purpose, as when Elisha allowed
Naaman to bow before the god Rimmon out of respect for his master’s
custom, 2 Kings 5:15-19.
a Prayerful Seeker, held an exclusive meeting for relatives and
friends to learn about Jesus, Acts 10.
Go at once to a
seeker’s family, as Paul did, Acts 16:13-15; 27-33; 18:8.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to beCornelius. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Cornelius: Avoid the older
men; they are too hardened.]
Let seekers host
gathering meetings, as Cornelius did, rather than extracting them
from their network of family and close friends while you share the
gospel with them, Mk 2:14-17; Luke 19:1-10.
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: the group plants a church. The group
suggests each step in the process. See the explanation of this role-play in
Appendix A, Instructions, item 62.]
within a community; do not flee from him, James 4:7.
Prior preparation needed. Continue church planting (above); introduce
an idolater. See the explanation of this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions,
G. Regional Coordinators Oversee Pastoral Training
G1Paul, TravelingChurch Planter,
respected different cultures and their leaders, Gal 2; Acts 14:21-23.
canceling a culture or way of life in a church, Acts 10; Galatians.
[Role-play.Leader: name another volunteer to bePaul. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Paul: Folks of other cultures adapt
Phase out your
personal control of new churches. Install leaders who meet New
Testament requirements and mentor them on the job. How soon? Look at Paul’s
own practice! Acts 14:21-23
G2Titus, Regional Overseer, established
shepherding elders in the new churches of Crete,
Namepermanentregionalcoordinators to oversee leadership training,
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer to beTitus. Mr. Tradition: Argue with Titus that we should have no
elders in every church in every center of population. Do so as
rapidly as Paul did. Acts 14:21-23; 1 Timothy 3:1-11; Titus 1:5-9; 1
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue
with Titus that new leaders should wait at least 6 years before leading!]
Commissionpastoraltrainers (instructors), or ask churches to commission them. Place
them over regions with new churches and over untrained leaders, Acts 13:1-3.
Meetwithpastoraltrainersregularly to oversee their work
and help to solve problems, Titus 1:5,
materials for pastoral trainers. "Bring the books," as
Paul said in 2 Timothy ).
Keeporientingnewtrainers to mentor newer pastors, 2 Tim. 2:2.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Titus: Good pastors won’t have time for this
trainers accountable to carry out their own plans and keep churches
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: model a mentoring session. See the
explanation of this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item 72.]
Arrange for each
church to meet regularly in small groups and in big groups. Matt.
18:19-20; Acts 22:46; 20:7; 1 Cor. 14:26; Hebrews 10:24-25.
curriculum to fit current needs, as Moses did, Ex 18 through 20. God
provided a curriculum that fit current needs when he gave to Moses and
the new shepherding elders the Ten Commandments and other laws for the
new nation, Exodus 19 and 40. We should do the same kind of
thing for new churches, using New Testament guidelines with the Holy
Spirit’s power instead of the ancient legal system, which was based on
fear of death.
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with Titus: My seminary uses curriculum that my
great-grandfather used in 1870.]
G3Caleb, a Steadfast Visionary,
kept focused on the task in spite of peril and opposition, Num. 13-14.
positive focus, avoiding distractions, as Caleb and Joshua did, Num.
13 and 14.
Mentors on every
occasion add at least one positive thing to a church’s life that
will edify it. In mentoring sessions, always spend most of the
time dealing with positive things, not dwelling on chronic problems. For
example, enroll new pastoral trainees, plan for new churches, introduce
new ministries, and witness for Christ. If chronic rejection impedes
this, we have Jesus' orders to shake the dust and leave, Matt. 10:14.
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer
to beCaleb. Mr.
Tradition: Argue with Caleb: :"I need the whole time to explain
about all the sins in my church!".]
G4Silas, a Messenger between
Congregations, traveled from one church to another with messages and
offerings for the poor, as they served new churches, as in Acts 15:27.
cooperation between sister churches in the same region, to edify
them and keep them reproducing. Let them hold occasional united meetings
to give reports, to plan projects, to offer and ask for help when
needed. Acts .
[Role-play.Leader: name a volunteer
to beSilas. Mr.
Tradition: Argue with Silas: Every church is autonomous and
independent. Don’t get involved with other churches.]
G5Christ, our Supreme
Commander, orders us with all authority in heaven and earth to make
disciples by teaching them obey all his commands, Matthew 28:17-20; 2
Cor. 10:5-6; Rev. 14:12.
Pass on a light
baton. Jesus left us a simple, inexpensive model for ministry
and church life that is easy to pass on to others, to multiply churches,
Mat. -29; -30; 15:1-9; 28:18-20; 2 Tim 2:2.
Include in the light baton Jesus’ seven basic commands and the
ministries required by the New Testament, which are reviewed below:
[Role-play. Prior preparation needed. Leader: Discern 3 Levels of Authority. See the
explanation for this role-play in Appendix A, Instructions, item 79.]
that corresponds to Jesus’ command to repent, believe, be born anew
by the Holy Spirit include:
Help your flock to
trust Christ and follow Him before all else, Luke .
Watch over the
flock to see that only born-again believers are considered to be part
of the body of Christ. Confusion about this invites false doctrine and
a powerless body. Mark 1:15; John ;
[Role-play.Mr. Tradition: Argue with the
leader: Don’t embarrass people asking them to confess sin.]
(2) Ministries that correspond to Jesus’
command to baptize believers and to teach them to live the transformed
life that it initiates include:
Baptize sinners who
confess their sin, without delaying for legalistic reasons, adding
man-made requirements, Matt. 28:18-20; Acts 2:38.Rom. 6:1-14;
Assure and embrace
new believers with love and acceptance.
(3) Ministries that correspond to Jesus’
command to break bread and worship God include:
Enable all to
participate actively in worshipping God as a body, Heb.10:25; 1 Cor.
Let the Holy
Spirit exalt Jesus edify believers through the Lord's Table, Matthew
26:26-28; 1 Cor. -17; -24
Seek worship that
is neither merely entertainment nor passively watching others perform,
[Role-play. Mr. Tradition: Argue with the leader: Hire
professional musicians and bring in famous speakers.]
(4) All ministries are motivated by
Jesus’ command to love, but these are directly related to it:
and loving service among all their members, Rom.12:3-21; John 13:34-35
Strengthenfamilylife and marriage, Eph.5:21 through 6:4
Organizechurchessoallmembers use their spiritual gifts to serve
each other, Eph.4:11-16; 1 Cor. 12 - 13; Rom.12
(5) The ministries that correspond to
Jesus' command to pray include:
Pray for healing,
Maintainpersonaland family devotions, John 16:24; 1 Thess. 5:17; Eph. 6:4
warfare, Eph.6:10-18; Rom.12:12
(6) Give,Luke ; -34.
One aspect of giving is to serve the needy, inside and outside the flock,
Mat.25:31-46; Luc 10:25-37;Hech.6:1-16; Gál.6:10(stewardship)
(7) Make disciples (witness for Christ,
shepherd believers, apply the Word, train leaders, send missionaries),
Matthew 28:18-20. To make disciples requires us to mobilize our flock to:
pray for the lost and witness for Jesus with the power of the Holy
Spirit, Acts 1:8; 1 Thess. 5:17; 2 Tim.4:5.
things that Jesus said to, as we witness for Christ, Luke24:46-48.
who obey all of Jesus’ commands, Matt. 28:18-20; Matt. 7:24-29
[Role-play. Mr. Tradition: Argue with the leader: Emphasizing
obedience is legalism.]
Watch over the
spiritual life of those under your care and correct the unruly,
Counselthosewithproblems as Paul did with Philemon. We find this in
Paul's letter to Philemon.
Correctandrestoretheweak without condemning them, 1 Cor.
[Role-play. Mr. Tradition: Argue with the leader:
True Christians don’t sin or make mistakes.]
Shepherd as a servant
leader, 1 Peter 5:1-4; Matt.20:25-28
[Role-play. Mr. Tradition: Argue with the leader: Just preach
the Word and everything will go well.]
Word, train all believers to serve, Eph. 4:11-12; 1 Tim.3:16-17, 2
Tim.4:2; James 1:22-26
Ward off wolves—oppose
and shun divisionists, legalists, false teachers, Acts 20:28-31; Titus
Agree on goals,
practices and plans to develop and extend the work, Acts 15:22-31; 2
Form new flocks,
Acts chapters 13 - 14
prepare pastors, evangelists, and missionaries, 2:Tim. 2:2; Titus
A. Optional Role-plays, Instructions and Preparations
under some of the guidelines above areoptional. You
do not have to use all of them, for there are too many. Use them when a
guideline requires more clarity, or to encourage the group to discuss
more freely. When you prepare a person to do a role-play, explain that you
might not use it.
not to memorize the suggested conversation, only the ideas. They are to
say it briefly in their own words.
to focus on a truth and encourage discussion—nottoentertainoract
out details dramatically. To prolong the role-player's conversation is
poor role-playing and robs too much time. Most role-plays present a
brief argument between Mr. Tradition and someone playing
a Bible model. Other role-plays are demonstrations that involve only
following aids ahead of time if you use the role-plays:
oSigns for persons to hold in front of them,
who take the part of the biblical models. Prepare a sign for each one except
for Christ. The first one would say in large print "Peter, a
oAlso prepare signs for "Mr. Tradition,"
"Enemy" and the demons "Greed," "Control"
oPrepare a book (or stack of papers) with its
name in large print "Man-made Traditions."
oPrepare a fairly large box and a small
box, if you use the role-play for item 58.
How to prepare
role-plays with Mr. Tradition. Most of these require no preparation
except for the signs, and a very brief word of explanation to whoever
plays Mr. Tradition:
oLeader: Briefly describe what a model
Bible person did, and hand the Bible model's sign ("Peter,"
"Paul", etc.) to someone. For example, "You are Peter."
(Hand them the sign.) "Please stand and defend your practice."
oMr. Tradition: Immediately stand, shows
your sign and argue with the Bible person, as instructed in the role-play
oSeveral persons might play the part of Mr.
Tradition, who argues many times.
oLeader: ask the entire group to help
correct Mr. Tradition, if the person playing the model Bible
sends his demons.Leader:
we could see as angels see, we might see this."
Show the sign
everyone. Play the part of Satan. Look up and point up, saying, "I
see the planet earth, I see (country), I see (city) and I see Mr.
Tradition attending a workshop! Aha! (Laugh in an evil way.) I will make
Mr. Tradition destroy that workshop!"
Call demon Greed. (Select anyone.) Hand
him the sign Greed; ask him to let everyone see it. Say, "Go
tell Mr. Tradition, if churches multiply, there will be less money
to go around! That is he over there." (Point to Mr. Tradition.
Greed goes to him repeats what he was told.)
Call demon Control and hand him his sign
and say, "Go tell Mr. Tradition if churches multiply, he will lose
control of the work!"
Call demon Fear and do the same "Go
tell Mr. Tradition if churches multiply, false doctrine
will creep in!"
Mr. Tradition: argue with
"Peter" that to be baptized one must do the following:
first, and walk on water.
Wait at least two
years and learn all biblical doctrines, etc.
Peter answers that the apostles baptized converts
at once, and required nothing more than that a sinner confess his need
for Christ to save him from his sin. Extensive Bible teaching always came after
baptism, not before.
Lord's Supper. Mr. Tradition argues
that only an ordained pastor can serve the Lord's Supper. To be ordained he
must have a Ph.D. degree and thirty years of pastoral experience.
show the group the book Man-made Traditions and a Bible.
Ask: "Does Mr.
Tradition's rule place God's Word above man's traditions?" (Put
the Bible on top of the book.)
"Or, does it place man-made traditions over
God's Word?" (Put the book on top of the Bible.)
Keep putting one on
top of the other as you ask the people which way Mr. Tradition puts it.
Let them discuss it.
demonstration whenever a question comes up if a practice agrees with
the group, "I am a waiter in the "Big Burp Bistro."
Approach anyone and
ask, "How many times have you eaten in our Big Burp Bistro?"
Whatever number of
times he answers, tell him he must order the next item on the menu. If
He says, "I've been here twice," you say, "Then I will
bring you item number three, fried snails." (Or, raw horsemeat,
pickled octopus eyes, live goldfish, etc.).
Repeat this with
two or three people, then ask the group what is wrong?
Compare it with the
linear way some educators train new pastors, whose new churches have
urgent needs. A new church is often 'hungry' for something else besides
the next item on the menu.
Linear curriculum. Leader:
demonstrate why we do not use linear curriculum to deal with new
"What is a current problem in your church?"
No matter what he
says, thumb through your outline and say, "Here it is!"
(Mention the problem). "Yes! We will deal with it next year at this
time! Tell your people to wait!"
The Fear that Churches Weaken as they
complain that the impulse to multiply will weaken and that false doctrine
will creep in, if churches multiply.
someone to read 2 Tim. 2:2. Explain: This verse has four links in
the chain of church reproduction. Then form four groups, separated from
link is Antioch
(1st group), which sent Paul and Barnabas. Ask two of them
to take a Bible to the next group.
Thesecondlink is Ephesus,
where Paul left his apprentice Timothy and to whom he wrote this verse.
Ask someone to be Timothy and, with a helper, take the same Bible to
the third group.
Thethirdlink is a granddaughterchurch in a city near Ephesus,
with the 'faithful men' mentioned in the verse. Ask two of them to take
the same Bible to the fourth group (E.g., Colosse.)
Thefourthlink is a greatgranddaughterchurch,
with the 'others also' taught by the 'faithful men.' (E.g., the house
group leader at Laodecia.)
Explain: This chain
reaction happened in church history, resulting in dozens of churches.
danger might lie in such rapid church multiplication?" Someone
will say that false doctrine will creep in, etc. If not, you say it. But
explain that it does not have to happen, for these important reasons.
the Holy Spirit grows weaker as He walks from Antioch
to Ephesus, and to the
other churches?" (You might walk from one group to the next,
getting more tired and lame all the time).
the newer group receive a smaller Christ" "Will it have less
love for the Word?"
churches must be weaker only in one way—they are younger.
Otherwise, there would not be any strong churches left on the earth. All
result from such a chain reaction reproducing for centuries.
Temporary scaffolding. Leader:
Explain that starting a new church is like building a tall building with
The church planters
are the bricklayers on temporary scaffolding. This platform is removed
when the building is finished.
A church planting
team is like temporary scaffolding. It exists only to build the church,
then its job is done. Now they can move on to a new area.
happens if we put all our efforts into building the scaffolding and not
Explain that this
happens if organizations outside of the churches become parasites on the
body of Christ, by needlessly drawing workers and funds away from the
churches to do work of secondary importance.
The wolf game. Do this if you have open space in the
room, or can go outside.
everyone to stand in a line along a wall or along a line on the ground.
If the group is large, ask about 20 persons to do so. Explain: "You
are sheep. If a wolf tags you, fall down. You’re lost. You cannot
move from where you are."
strong men to be wolves. "You rob the sheep. When I count
to three and say ‘Go!’ you tag as many sheep as you can before the
shepherd tags you. If he tags you, you must fall down, dead."
Select a shepherd.
"Shepherd, you must protect the sheep from the wolves. If you tag
a wolf, it falls dead."
"One. Two. Three. Go!"
sheep have been lost, stop. Ask the shepherd to do what Jethro told
Moses to do (name Leaders of small groups). Theshepherd names
helpers, one for every three or four people. They also can tag the
wolves to slay them.
Repeat the game.
When it is evident that few sheep will be lost, let the group be seated
and ask, "If a cattleman drives a large herd of cows to a
distant market, will he do it alone? Then, What is more valuable? An
animal or a human soul?"
form of church organization shows that we consider humans more valuable
than cows or sheep?"
Old Testament Worship. Leader:
Prepare someone ahead of time to be a sheep.
Tell the group you
are going to worship like in the Old Testament. You and the 'sheep' go
out of the room.
Come back at once.
The sheep crawls on hands and knees and follows you, bleating loudly. He
pretends to keep jerking back on a rope around his neck.
Do not use a real
rope. Just walk ahead of him and pretend that you are pulling a rope.
(anyone) that he is a priest, and to sharpen his knife.
Tell another that
he is a Levite, and to tie the feet of the sheep.
Ask the priest and Levite to
help you lift the sheep onto the altar. (Use a chair.)
Lay your hands on
its head. Tell the group, "I must confess all my sins—that will
take a long time!"
Tell the priest to
slit its throat. When he does, act as through blood has spurted all over
you. Shake it off your hands and cry out, "Oh no! Blood all over
everything! This is terrible! Now there's smoke in my eyes! They are
burning it! Oh, the smell of manure! "
Ask the group, "Is this
shocking, repugnant ritual really worship? Yes! Because our sins are
shocking and repugnant to God!
Explain: "This has not
changed—except we no longer bring an animal to church. Why not?"
Explain that we
repeat this when we celebrate the Lord's Supper. Jesus is the lamb that
takes away the sins of the world. Give the Lord's Supper the same
importance and seriousness as the apostles did!
Make the package lighter. Prepare a
"Recipient" to receive a fairly large box, then a smaller
Leader: Show the large box first and explain:
The box represents
the package that we take from our own church to carry its spiritual DNA,
its genetic code, to reproduce daughter churches.We pass it on
like the baton in a relay race, to illustrate church multiplication.
Place the Bible in
the box and ask the group what else we shall put into it. (Obedience to
Jesus, the power of the Holy Spirit, etc.).
we put too much in it, such as attitudes of Professionalism,
an institutional mentality, entertainment, expensiveequipment, individualism, high
technology (we think the power of the Holy Spirit reaches only
to the end of our electrical cord, so we put in a long cord), etc.
Hand the box to
the Recipient. It is too heavy. He drops it at once on his toe,
grabs his toe, and cries out in pain and hops around shouting in pain.
He doubles his fist and chases the Leader around the room, limping and
threatening to kill him, then sits, groaning.
Ask: "Do we need to change the package?" Hold up the Bible and
ask, "Do we change the message?" "If not, what do we
change?" Let the group discuss it.
Hold up the Bible again and
explain briefly that we use the New Testament as a filter.
We take out everything that is not recommended in the New Testament.
do not require all churches to have buildings, to hire full time
ministers, to use expensive sound equipment, or to do anything that is
not in the Bible."
Place the Bible in
the smaller box and hand it to someone and say, "You are a close
friend to (Recipient). Please take this to him. He won't take it from
That person takes
the smaller box to Recipient, who holds it and says, "It is
light!" He dances for joy, then hands it to someone else (anyone)
and says, 'Pass it on!"
Role-play starting a church. Name
half of the group to be a mother church. The other half are 'pagans.' Tell
them what to do only when they fail to do it. Don't let dialogue drag. Keep
interrupting, "Good! You have established a relationship." (Or
whatever they intended to portray). "Now what has to happen?"
The mother church
should mention that they should name some workers to go evangelize, lay
hands on them and pray. They don't need to actually do it. It is only a
role-play. They need only to mention it.
"While traveling on the train to the other place, you meet a person
from there, who is interested in learning about Christ. What will you
Before long they
should do what the apostles always did—go to the family. Ask the new
friend who is the mother, father, and brother, etc. Ask the group to
discuss how they would approach the family.
Assume that the
"family" lacks a background to understand the concepts of one
Almighty God, Sin, Judgment, faith, sacrificinganinnocentvictim so that the blood can atone
for sins, God'sholiness, God'spunishmentofidolaters, God's covenants and God'slaws,
etc. What would you do? (Tell the Old Testament stories that lay the
conceptual foundation for these concepts. Don't actually tell the
stories; there isn't time. Simply mention that you would do it.)
If the church
planters fail to mention it, ask them, "What are the events that
make up the gospel proclamation, of which Jesus said we are witnesses,
in Luke 24:26-29?" (Jesus' death and resurrection, and the promise
of forgiveness to all who repent of their sins, in all nations.)
Assume that the family wants
to follow Christ. If the church planters fail to baptize
them without delay, ask, "What did the apostles always do at this
time, with no further delay?"
Assume that several
others in the community join the family and follow Christ. If the church
planters fail to mention it, then ask, "Whom might you train to
lead the new group?" They should name the older men in the new
group. If they name someone from the mother church as pastor, then
explain that this was not the apostles' practice. They always prepared
men who lived in the locale of the new church, and put them in charge as
soon as possible. The workers from the mother church mentor these new
Resist Satan. Continue the church
planting role-play above . Leader: Explain: A member of the family has
been away visiting relatives, and now returns.
"grandmother" ahead of time to walk into the role-play
limping, her hand on her sore hip and groaning.
She finds people in
her house and keeps asking why they are there until someone says they
are teaching about Christ. She gets angry, says they have their own gods
and tells the strangers to leave.
should the church planters and new believers do?"
church planters make a bad mistake when such opposition comes. Instead
of resisting the devil so that he will flee from them (James 4:7), they
flee from him! They start holding meetings in another place, to avoid
conflict with grandmother and her idolatry. Ask what the correct
They should deal
with this problem at its root. Grandmother is not the devil; we wrestle
not against flesh and blood—nor grandmothers—but against evil spirits
(Eph. -12). If at all
possible, keep meeting in the home, love grandmother, and get the family
to explain their faith to her.
If time allows, assume that
the new believers have relatives and friends in a third community. Point
out some people to be them. Repeat the process to start a third church and
describe how the leaders would train the new leaders in such a 2 Timothy
2:2 chain reaction.
Model a mentoring session. Leader:
Actually mentor someone for real. Ask them to sit beside you:
Pray asking the Lord to guide
Report. Ask someone to tell you
briefly about their church. Try to find out what their greatest need is.
Use the list of ministries (items 80 - 106) if necessary, to find what
is lacking in the church.
Plan. Help them plan what they
and their people will do. Get the group to help you plan, if necessary.
Assignstudies that fit his plans.
Review prior studies. (Explain that if you had held
sessions with him before, you would have asked him to tell you about
what he studied, which you assigned the last time you met).
Pray again for power to carry
out the plans.
Discern the Three Levels of Authority
for church activities:
Leader: Define the Three Levels of Authority
for church activities and practice discerning them.
1st level—New Testament Commands (of
Jesus and His apostles)
Example: Baptism. We obey these commands
without argument or voting on them. We do not include Old Testament commands;
we are no longer under its law or we’d stone you to death if you gathered
firewood on Saturday, etc.
2nd level—New Testament Practices(thingsthe apostles and churches did, but did not command)
Example: Baptizing converts immediately.
We may practice them, too, but never prohibit them, because the apostles practiced
or approved them. Neither can we command them as general church law, since
only God has the authority to lay down laws for His universal church.
3rd level—Human customs (traditions or
practices not mentioned in the New Testament)
Example: Using baptism as a graduation
ceremony after weeks of doctrinal study. We cannot demand obedience to them
as law. We can—and must—prohibit them if they hinder obedience. Most church
traditions are good. They become evil when they hinder obedience.
Ask: "To which of these three Levels
of Authority do the following church practices belong?" Avoid
The Lord’s Supper (Ans.: level 1)
Using one cup for the Lord’s Supper (2)
Serving the Lord’s Supper the first Sunday of
the month (3)